The death of actor Philip Seymour Hoffman from a heroin overdose shed new light on a startling truth: The drug has not only resurfaced, but is back with a vengeance. And unlike the 1970s and 1980s when it devastated inner-city neighborhoods, this time heroin is spawning a whole new generation of addicts in rural areas and smaller, struggling cities.
The amount of heroin seized each year at the Mexican border increased 232 percent from 2008 to 2012. Meanwhile, the number of new heroin users jumped by almost 80 percent over a similar time period, according to surveys by the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. This has put a lot of pressure on cities already suffering from years of economic decline. These cities, some with multiple generations of heroin users, are worried they don’t have the resources to fight this latest scourge, which is being blamed on a successful crackdown by law enforcement on prescription painkillers.