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Andrew Kleine


Andrew Kleine, a former Baltimore budget director, is a senior director in the Government & Public Sector division at EY-Parthenon, Ernst & Young LLP’s global strategy and consulting arm. He is the author of City on the Line: How Baltimore Transformed Its Budget to Beat the Great Recession and Deliver Outcomes. His email address is and his X/Twitter handle is @awkleine.

Local government finance officers can employ revenue, procurement and other tactics that disrupt the status quo to finance important initiatives.
Inertia and incrementalism drive the process in most places. Budgeting for outcomes is a powerful way to overcome that.