Federal Employees By State

The federal government currently employs just over 2 million full-time employees, excluding Postal Service workers.

States with the most federal employees as of mid-2017 were California (250,000), Texas (200,000), Virginia (178,000) and Maryland (147,000). The vast majority of all federal employees -- about 79 percent -- work outside the D.C. region.

The U.S. Postal Service, a quasi-governmental agency, employs by far the single largest segment of the civilian federal workforce. Other agencies employing the most civilian employees include the Army, Navy and Department of Veterans Affairs. More than a million active duty military further account for a significant portion of federal employment. (See active duty totals by state here.)

Choose a state below to view its federal employment totals and agency-level statistics for select larger agencies. Civilian employment figures are current as of September 2017 and do not include job totals for the Postal Service and several smaller agencies.


  • Total Employment: BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, June 2017
  • Civilian Employment: U.S. Office of Personnel Management, current as of September 2017. OPM figures do not include employment for the Postal Service and a limited number of smaller agencies.
  • Active Duty Military: Defense Manpower Data Center, current as of May 2016

Reported figures do not reflect employees whose locations are suppressed.

Last updated: Jan. 19, 2018