SNAP Categorical Eligibility State Data

Forty states have adopted an option known as "categorical eligibility" for administration of food stamps, allowing them to provide more households with benefits. The option allows states to align gross income and asset requirements with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and other assistance programs.

If Congress eliminates categorical eligibility, as some lawmakers have proposed, an estimated 1.8 million SNAP participants would lose benefits, according to a report by the Congressional Budget Office. The White House released its own estimates, projecting that about 3 million Americans would lose SNAP benefits.

The following table shows White House estimates for states with categorical eligibility, along with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's most recent individual enrollment totals (initial numbers for April):

Gross income limits represent percent of federal poverty guidelines for TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) and MOE (State maintenance of effort benefit).
Households with seniors or disabled individuals and gross incomes exceeding 200 percent of federal poverty guidelines are subject to a $3,000 asset limit in the following states: Alabama, Colorado, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Massachusetts, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina and West Virginia.
Households without children face gross income limits of 130 percent of poverty in Massachusetts.