Total School Districts, Student Enrollment by State and Metro Area

Numbers of school districts and student enrollments vary greatly across different regions of the country.

One way to measure school district "fragmentation" is to compare average student enrollments for school districts. Nationally, local public school districts had an average enrollment of 3,659 students in the 2013-2014 school year.

A review of 2013-2014 school year enrollment data finds districts with smaller enrollemnts are fairly prevalent across the country. About a third of all local districts are made up of only one or two public schools. Nearly half of all districts nationally -- 46 percent -- have fewer than 1,000 students.

In general, rural states tend to report smaller average student enrollments. Texas (1,029) and California (941) reported the highest tallies of school districts. Hawaii, by contrast, maintains the country's only statewide public school district.

This table shows student enrollment statistics and numbers of local districts by state for the 2013-2014 school year:


Metro Area School District Data

Select a region to display school district and student enrollment statistics for metro areas:

Data and Methodology

Governing compiled data from the 2013-2014 Local Education Agency Universe Survey published by the National Center for Education Statistics. Only local public school districts were included in calculations; charter districts, state education agencies and other school district types were not included. A small number of districts reported no enrollment data or zero students, which were also excluded from state and metro area averages.

Related Readings

School districts completely surrounded by a single larger district often have vast disparities.

There are financial and educational benefits to merging small school districts, yet it's almost always a hard sell.

In much of the country, school districts survive even when they have few students. In an era of budget cutbacks, these districts are prime targets for consolidation.