State Population By Race, Ethnicity Data

The latest Census Bureau estimates suggest about 40 percent of Americans identify as racial or ethnic minorities. Nationally, the largest racial demographic groups as of 2017 were:

  • White Non-Hispanic: 60.6 percent
  • Black Non-Hispanic: 12.3 percent
  • Asian Non-Hispanic: 5.5 percent
  • American Indian/Alaska Native Non-Hispanic: 0.7 percent

Separately, Hispanics of any race accounted for 18.1 percent of the U.S. population.

The following table shows state population totals by race and ethnicity, current as of 2017.

State Total population Hispanic (of any race) Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic Asian Non-Hispanic American Indian
Alabama 4,874,747 201,970 3,191,450 1,302,295 65,494 22,209
Alaska 739,795 51,712 448,081 21,192 48,569 105,146
Arizona 7,016,270 2,202,173 3,836,639 290,379 225,810 274,496
Arkansas 3,004,279 223,764 2,173,307 455,500 46,583 16,901
California 39,536,653 15,477,306 14,616,636 2,164,239 5,679,986 147,880
Colorado 5,607,154 1,206,724 3,822,055 219,500 176,176 32,102
Connecticut 3,588,184 578,833 2,393,694 354,320 162,564 7,486
Delaware 961,939 89,540 597,917 206,690 38,404 2,344
District of Columbia 693,972 76,526 253,416 314,705 28,056 1,574
Florida 20,984,400 5,370,860 11,288,419 3,224,452 578,136 42,654
Georgia 10,429,379 1,001,472 5,487,048 3,245,371 408,067 18,335
Hawaii 1,427,538 150,125 310,584 22,629 532,881 1,659
Idaho 1,716,943 213,619 1,407,302 10,947 22,698 19,136
Illinois 12,802,023 2,206,927 7,834,272 1,790,512 689,701 12,784
Indiana 6,666,818 461,618 5,278,785 613,080 146,611 9,694
Iowa 3,145,711 185,746 2,701,250 103,989 80,937 7,825
Kansas 2,913,123 345,510 2,210,739 161,148 85,386 17,617
Kentucky 4,454,189 155,163 3,769,995 355,829 64,381 6,882
Louisiana 4,684,333 243,620 2,739,086 1,505,991 83,959 21,942
Maine 1,335,907 21,899 1,247,090 15,761 15,141 8,225
Maryland 6,052,177 612,709 3,066,146 1,776,692 389,297 11,879
Massachusetts 6,859,819 811,292 4,906,564 477,846 450,311 9,439
Michigan 9,962,311 504,398 7,476,534 1,359,264 306,376 45,421
Minnesota 5,576,606 296,666 4,455,056 356,949 272,228 53,674
Mississippi 2,984,100 86,035 1,688,447 1,130,323 27,467 13,240
Missouri 6,113,532 255,803 4,854,821 694,270 123,227 21,332
Montana 1,050,493 38,933 906,221 4,380 7,182 62,126
Nebraska 1,920,076 209,917 1,517,634 87,147 46,837 12,823
Nevada 2,998,039 864,663 1,462,301 265,472 249,834 27,991
New Hampshire 1,342,795 50,393 1,212,790 18,023 35,602 1,500
New Jersey 9,005,644 1,840,433 4,939,479 1,148,321 882,064 9,074
New Mexico 2,088,070 1,018,344 780,688 38,022 27,514 182,991
New York 19,849,399 3,811,654 10,936,578 2,846,481 1,718,948 41,752
North Carolina 10,273,419 962,466 6,472,902 2,175,617 293,050 111,317
North Dakota 755,393 26,479 637,291 22,830 12,699 40,745
Ohio 11,658,609 436,762 9,204,374 1,421,030 256,437 17,866
Oklahoma 3,930,864 417,708 2,576,937 283,068 84,404 288,580
Oregon 4,142,776 540,924 3,132,752 74,345 180,042 38,855
Pennsylvania 12,805,537 938,428 9,780,941 1,367,815 442,425 14,498
Rhode Island 1,059,639 163,346 763,670 57,196 37,798 3,134
South Carolina 5,024,369 285,990 3,197,812 1,344,741 74,889 12,370
South Dakota 869,666 31,278 715,927 16,345 10,612 74,563
Tennessee 6,715,984 361,203 4,962,226 1,115,187 118,312 13,699
Texas 28,304,596 11,158,751 11,855,092 3,330,204 1,344,963 71,859
Utah 3,101,833 434,290 2,428,495 35,689 74,530 30,073
Vermont 623,657 11,932 578,706 7,731 11,073 1,971
Virginia 8,470,020 790,662 5,226,540 1,595,039 539,382 20,568
Washington 7,405,743 940,792 5,077,103 262,211 625,939 75,535
West Virginia 1,815,857 22,807 1,670,509 71,358 13,695 2,391
Wisconsin 5,795,483 397,847 4,706,315 362,314 158,583 44,664
Wyoming 579,315 58,122 486,586 5,154 4,586 12,341

SOURCE: 2017 1-year American Community Survey estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

The rate at which states are becoming racially and ethnically more diverse varies. States with the largest percentages of non-Whites currently are New Mexico, California, Texas and Hawaii.

State Percentage of Population By Race

State Hispanic (of any race) Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic Asian Non-Hispanic American Indian
Alabama 4.1% 65.5% 26.7% 1.3% 0.5%
Alaska 7.0% 60.6% 2.9% 6.6% 14.2%
Arizona 31.4% 54.7% 4.1% 3.2% 3.9%
Arkansas 7.4% 72.3% 15.2% 1.6% 0.6%
California 39.1% 37.0% 5.5% 14.4% 0.4%
Colorado 21.5% 68.2% 3.9% 3.1% 0.6%
Connecticut 16.1% 66.7% 9.9% 4.5% 0.2%
Delaware 9.3% 62.2% 21.5% 4.0% 0.2%
District of Columbia 11.0% 36.5% 45.3% 4.0% 0.2%
Florida 25.6% 53.8% 15.4% 2.8% 0.2%
Georgia 9.6% 52.6% 31.1% 3.9% 0.2%
Hawaii 10.5% 21.8% 1.6% 37.3% 0.1%
Idaho 12.4% 82.0% 0.6% 1.3% 1.1%
Illinois 17.2% 61.2% 14.0% 5.4% 0.1%
Indiana 6.9% 79.2% 9.2% 2.2% 0.1%
Iowa 5.9% 85.9% 3.3% 2.6% 0.2%
Kansas 11.9% 75.9% 5.5% 2.9% 0.6%
Kentucky 3.5% 84.6% 8.0% 1.4% 0.2%
Louisiana 5.2% 58.5% 32.1% 1.8% 0.5%
Maine 1.6% 93.4% 1.2% 1.1% 0.6%
Maryland 10.1% 50.7% 29.4% 6.4% 0.2%
Massachusetts 11.8% 71.5% 7.0% 6.6% 0.1%
Michigan 5.1% 75.0% 13.6% 3.1% 0.5%
Minnesota 5.3% 79.9% 6.4% 4.9% 1.0%
Mississippi 2.9% 56.6% 37.9% 0.9% 0.4%
Missouri 4.2% 79.4% 11.4% 2.0% 0.3%
Montana 3.7% 86.3% 0.4% 0.7% 5.9%
Nebraska 10.9% 79.0% 4.5% 2.4% 0.7%
Nevada 28.8% 48.8% 8.9% 8.3% 0.9%
New Hampshire 3.8% 90.3% 1.3% 2.7% 0.1%
New Jersey 20.4% 54.8% 12.8% 9.8% 0.1%
New Mexico 48.8% 37.4% 1.8% 1.3% 8.8%
New York 19.2% 55.1% 14.3% 8.7% 0.2%
North Carolina 9.4% 63.0% 21.2% 2.9% 1.1%
North Dakota 3.5% 84.4% 3.0% 1.7% 5.4%
Ohio 3.7% 78.9% 12.2% 2.2% 0.2%
Oklahoma 10.6% 65.6% 7.2% 2.1% 7.3%
Oregon 13.1% 75.6% 1.8% 4.3% 0.9%
Pennsylvania 7.3% 76.4% 10.7% 3.5% 0.1%
Rhode Island 15.4% 72.1% 5.4% 3.6% 0.3%
South Carolina 5.7% 63.6% 26.8% 1.5% 0.2%
South Dakota 3.6% 82.3% 1.9% 1.2% 8.6%
Tennessee 5.4% 73.9% 16.6% 1.8% 0.2%
Texas 39.4% 41.9% 11.8% 4.8% 0.3%
Utah 14.0% 78.3% 1.2% 2.4% 1.0%
Vermont 1.9% 92.8% 1.2% 1.8% 0.3%
Virginia 9.3% 61.7% 18.8% 6.4% 0.2%
Washington 12.7% 68.6% 3.5% 8.5% 1.0%
West Virginia 1.3% 92.0% 3.9% 0.8% 0.1%
Wisconsin 6.9% 81.2% 6.3% 2.7% 0.8%
Wyoming 10.0% 84.0% 0.9% 0.8% 2.1%

SOURCE: 2017 1-year American Community Survey estimates, U.S. Census Bureau

NOTE: Figures for populations of other races or more than one race not shown, but included in totals and percentages.