Internet Explorer 11 is not supported

For optimal browsing, we recommend Chrome, Firefox or Safari browsers.

How California Keeps Health Premiums Down Like No Other State

Shrinking competition has many states worried about rising insurance prices. California has the tools to handle it better than most.

(AP/Rich Pedroncelli)
Headlines surrounding the Affordable Care Act (ACA) have been pretty turbulent the past few weeks: UnitedHealthcare is leaving all but three states' insurance exchanges; Humana is scaling back its coverage; and partially because of that reduced competition, premiums are likely to increase. States are probably going to be looking for ways to keep premium prices in check -- something California has done better than most.

According to a recent study from the University of California, Berkeley, that's because the state has an “active purchaser” exchange, which means the state directly negotiates with insurance companies over everything from premiums and benefits to hospital networks. Some other state exchanges function as active purchasers -- Connecticut, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island and Vermont -- but California is especially stringent with insurance companies.

Most states just make sure that insurers are following federal guidelines, and then they “just set up a website and just let the companies compete,” said Richard Scheffler, a co-author of the study and professor of health policy at UC Berkeley.  

California’s system is unique thanks to its rigorous vetting process for insurers that want to participate in its marketplace. At the onset of the ACA, the state hired a team to look over health plan proposals from insurance companies and excluded any that it deemed uncompetitive. Unlike in any other state, every plan in California has identical benefits, so enrollees are “choosing a plan basically just for the network,” said Shana Charles, faculty associate with UCLA’s Center for Health Policy Research. 

Because the state chooses the plans, insurance companies are under pressure to offer lower rates. 

“It’s an example of good governance,” said Charles. “Government is taking a referee role and telling these insurance companies, ‘This is the minimum standard, so show us what you've got.'”

And the state's work has paid off in the form of lower premiums.

In 2014 and 2015, nonactive purchaser states saw premiums rise by as much as 20 percent. Even in New York, which is an active purchaser like California, areas of the state with less insurance competition saw premiums increase by 7 percent over the same time period. California premiums, however, increased by an average of just 4 percent. (Premiums did, however, increase in California regions with less hospital competition.)

Health analysts are predicting another year of premium increases, thanks in part to growing monopolies in many parts of the country. But lack of competition wouldn’t be a problem, says Scheffler, if more states adopted California's method of rigorous oversight and “apples to apples” plans. 

But increased competition only makes sense up to a point, say Scheffler and others. As the study noted, California rejected 20 insurers, selecting just 12 for its marketplace. 

"Some experts believe that if a consumer has more than five or six options of something, they just get confused," said Scheffler. "And these are complicated plans, so why wouldn’t you want to make it as easy as possible?"

Mattie covers all things health for Governing.

Special Projects
Sponsored Stories
Workplace safety is in the spotlight as government leaders adapt to a prolonged pandemic.
While government employees, students and the general public had to wait in line for hours in the beginning of the pandemic, at-home test kits make it easy to diagnose for the novel coronavirus in less than 30 minutes.
Governments around the nation are working to design the best vaccine policies that keep both their employees and their residents safe. Although the latest data shows a variety of polarizing perspectives, there are clear emerging best practices that leading governments are following to put trust first: creating policies that are flexible and provide a range of options, and being in tune with the needs and sentiments of their employees so that they are able to be dynamic and accommodate the rapidly changing situation.
Service delivery and the individual experience within health and human services (HHS) is often very siloed and fragmented.
In this episode, Marianne Steger explains why health care for Pre-Medicare retirees and active employees just got easier.
Government organizations around the world are experiencing the consequences of plagiarism firsthand. A simple mistake can lead to loss of reputation, loss of trust and even lawsuits. It’s important to avoid plagiarism at all costs, and government organizations are held to a particularly high standard. Fortunately, technological solutions such as iThenticate allow government organizations to avoid instances of text plagiarism in an efficient manner.
Creating meaningful citizen experiences in a post-COVID world requires embracing digital initiatives like secure and ethical data sharing, artificial intelligence and more.
GHD identified four themes critical for municipalities to address to reach net-zero by 2050. Will you be ready?
As more state and local jurisdictions have placed a priority on creating sustainable and resilient communities, many have set strong targets to reduce the energy use and greenhouse gases (GHGs) associated with commercial and residential buildings.