States With Most Government Employees: Per Capita Rates By Job Type

Nationally, state and local governments employed 237 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers, not including teachers, for every 10,000 residents in 2012. Factoring in education employment, there are about 16.2 million FTE public employees, or 518 per 10,000 people.

Every five years, the Census Bureau's Census of Governments tallies numbers of government workers serving each jurisdiction. 

Wyoming is home to the highest number of noneducation state and local FTEs per capita -- about 450 per 10,000 residents, followed by Alaska and New York. 

The following map shows states with the most state and local public employees per capita, excluding education:




Public Employment Per Capita by Job Classification

The following table shows, for select job classification types, the number of full-time equivalent state and local government workers per 10,000 residents in 2012. Data for other smaller functions of government are not shown.


Interpreting the Data

  • Figures published in the table and story refer to full-time equivalent (FTE) employees. Total numbers of full and part-time employees are higher, particularly in states with more employees working part time.
  • Employee counts do not include federal workers or private contractors.
  • Definitions describing types of employees for job types shown are available in the Census Bureau’s classification manual, beginning on page 373.


RELATED: Use our interactive tool to review more than 50 years of data for state government employment, by job type.

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