Education Spending Per Student by State

The Census Bureau compiles data on education spending per pupil and elementary/secondary education revenues for each state.

Nationally, the most recent data indicates $11,392 is spent on public education per student. Significant variation exists across states; New York and Alaska spend more than $20,000 per student, while states like Utah and Idaho only spend about a third as much.

Many different factors and conditions within states influence education spending totals. Some of the more prominent factors include cost of living, class sizes and student demographics.

Spending amounts shown reflect current spending, which does not include capital outlays, interest on debts and payments to other governments.

2015 Total Public School Expenditures, Spending Per Student By State

State Total Spending Total Per Pupil Salaries & Wages Salaries & Wages Per Pupil Employee Benefits Benefits Per Pupil
Alabama $6,826,622,000 $9,128 $3,777,322,000 $5,139 $1,523,592,000 $2,073
Alaska $2,646,225,000 $20,172 $1,078,021,000 $8,245 $1,015,267,000 $7,765
Arizona $7,205,417,000 $7,489 $4,221,569,000 $4,467 $1,334,828,000 $1,413
Arkansas $4,683,434,000 $9,694 $2,742,286,000 $5,717 $781,945,000 $1,630
California $66,208,111,000 $10,467 $38,620,467,000 $6,203 $14,951,104,000 $2,401
Colorado $8,146,683,000 $9,245 $5,083,057,000 $5,827 $1,407,491,000 $1,614
Connecticut $9,603,117,000 $18,377 $5,187,778,000 $10,265 $2,591,558,000 $5,128
Delaware $1,779,087,000 $14,120 $938,031,000 $7,699 $464,686,000 $3,814
District of Columbia $979,040,000 $19,396 $622,943,000 $13,497 $114,731,000 $2,486
Florida $24,933,433,000 $8,881 $13,843,250,000 $5,046 $4,283,796,000 $1,561
Georgia $16,401,832,000 $9,427 $9,797,386,000 $5,703 $3,488,933,000 $2,031
Hawaii $2,359,203,000 $12,855 $1,309,162,000 $7,178 $511,154,000 $2,803
Idaho $1,902,503,000 $6,923 $1,134,703,000 $4,139 $409,819,000 $1,495
Illinois $28,584,939,000 $13,755 $14,596,183,000 $7,130 $8,655,141,000 $4,228
Indiana $9,797,058,000 $9,687 $5,359,193,000 $5,337 $2,900,887,000 $2,889
Iowa $5,558,398,000 $10,944 $3,504,962,000 $6,936 $1,166,533,000 $2,309
Kansas $4,995,292,000 $10,040 $2,937,287,000 $5,911 $909,775,000 $1,831
Kentucky $6,693,668,000 $9,630 $4,032,917,000 $5,858 $1,621,075,000 $2,355
Louisiana $7,291,286,000 $11,010 $3,915,900,000 $5,924 $2,013,362,000 $3,046
Maine $2,426,820,000 $13,257 $1,383,481,000 $7,853 $589,386,000 $3,345
Maryland $12,430,544,000 $14,192 $7,322,524,000 $8,377 $3,281,241,000 $3,754
Massachusetts $15,315,796,000 $15,592 $8,780,982,000 $9,585 $3,385,378,000 $3,695
Michigan $15,712,267,000 $11,482 $7,767,920,000 $5,775 $4,798,447,000 $3,568
Minnesota $10,085,128,000 $11,949 $6,041,451,000 $7,486 $2,034,324,000 $2,521
Mississippi $4,161,329,000 $8,456 $2,440,939,000 $4,980 $836,474,000 $1,706
Missouri $9,269,713,000 $10,147 $5,643,986,000 $6,322 $1,723,996,000 $1,931
Montana $1,602,608,000 $11,028 $920,210,000 $6,371 $284,809,000 $1,972
Nebraska $3,732,390,000 $11,946 $2,165,694,000 $6,935 $744,932,000 $2,385
Nevada $3,804,316,000 $8,615 $2,257,928,000 $5,144 $895,951,000 $2,041
New Hampshire $2,711,114,000 $14,697 $1,473,863,000 $8,052 $660,345,000 $3,608
New Jersey $26,025,344,000 $18,235 $14,138,558,000 $10,557 $6,222,199,000 $4,646
New Mexico $3,184,539,000 $9,752 $1,838,372,000 $5,634 $646,027,000 $1,980
New York $59,209,906,000 $21,206 $30,338,328,000 $11,529 $16,463,224,000 $6,256
North Carolina $12,789,303,000 $8,687 $8,007,293,000 $5,466 $2,691,691,000 $1,837
North Dakota $1,420,265,000 $13,320 $814,885,000 $7,683 $293,891,000 $2,771
Ohio $19,867,256,000 $11,637 $11,030,449,000 $6,893 $4,260,658,000 $2,663
Oklahoma $5,456,487,000 $8,082 $3,009,243,000 $4,480 $1,023,194,000 $1,523
Oregon $6,173,205,000 $10,442 $3,092,729,000 $5,422 $1,773,498,000 $3,109
Pennsylvania $25,305,395,000 $14,717 $12,266,657,000 $7,718 $6,642,246,000 $4,179
Rhode Island $2,204,789,000 $15,179 $1,192,335,000 $8,860 $544,759,000 $4,048
South Carolina $7,463,268,000 $9,953 $4,277,334,000 $5,801 $1,529,584,000 $2,074
South Dakota $1,205,748,000 $8,937 $713,791,000 $5,373 $208,044,000 $1,566
Tennessee $8,766,468,000 $8,726 $5,171,865,000 $5,200 $1,716,977,000 $1,726
Texas $44,675,233,000 $8,861 $30,262,688,000 $6,047 $5,299,053,000 $1,059
Utah $3,805,778,000 $6,575 $2,223,672,000 $3,875 $1,055,662,000 $1,839
Vermont $1,612,052,000 $18,039 $874,822,000 $10,270 $376,938,000 $4,425
Virginia $14,458,878,000 $11,237 $8,936,491,000 $6,982 $3,520,554,000 $2,751
Washington $11,566,562,000 $10,735 $6,900,366,000 $6,435 $2,484,432,000 $2,317
West Virginia $3,215,683,000 $11,359 $1,754,068,000 $6,274 $876,497,000 $3,135
Wisconsin $9,928,685,000 $11,375 $5,475,066,000 $6,353 $2,427,229,000 $2,816
Wyoming $1,513,919,000 $16,055 $891,297,000 $9,495 $379,342,000 $4,041
"Total spending" includes non-personnel expenses not shown.
Source: 2015 Annual Survey of School System Finances, U.S. Census Bureau

FY 2015 Public Elementary-Secondary School Spending By Function

For most states, instructional employees typically account for slightly more than half of total education spending per student. Support staff and administrative expenses also account for varying expenses. This chart illustrates how major components of education spending per student vary by state. (View FY 2014 chart

NOTE: Adult education, community services and other nonelementary-secondary program expenditures are excluded. Enrollments for state educational facilities and charter schools whose charters are held by nongovernmental entities are also not reflected in the totals. "Other" spending includes non-personnel related expenses not reported in the data.
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau 2015 Annual Survey of School System Finances

Historical School Spending Data

Select a state in the menu below to view reported education revenues and expenditures by state since 2006:

Page last updated: Dec. 8, 2017