A new proposal in Congress could make financing infrastructure projects in rural America far more affordable.
Called the Municipal Bond Market Support Act of 2019, the bill would modernize a restriction on so-called bank-qualified municipal bonds that effectively limits small governments’ access to cheaper borrowing rates in the municipal market.
The Government Finance Officers Association (GFOA) estimates that the proposed bill could save as much as $1.1 million in financing costs on a 15-year, $30 million bond issued by a small government. That translates into hundreds of millions of dollars in savings each year for small governments, nonprofits and districts across the country.
“Expanding the availability of bank-qualified bonds will help local governments and nonprofits afford critical construction projects and stimulate their economies, all while providing significant savings,” Alabama Rep. Terri Sewell said after introducing the bill.
Small governments that don't issue debt in the municipal market very often tend to pay a premium on interest and borrowing costs because investors aren't familiar with them. In 1986, bank-qualified bonds were created to encourage banks to invest with these smaller, less frequent issuers by giving the banks tax breaks related to buying and holding the bonds. It also saved those municipalities money on borrowing costs because it allowed them to bypass the traditional underwriting system and sell their tax exempt bonds directly to local banks.
But only small governments that issue $10 million or less in bonds per calendar year can sell bank-qualified debt. In today's dollars, $10 million doesn’t go very far. “Over the years, there’s been a steadily shrinking universe of governments who are benefitting from the rules,” says Municipal Market Analytics partner Matt Fabian.
Sewell and cosponsor New York Rep. Tom Reed want to push up the cap to $30 million and index it to inflation thereafter. Their legislation would also extend bank-qualified eligibility to borrowers who issue debt through a state or local finance authority.
Bank-qualified debt is a small part of the $3.7 trillion municipal bond market, but the projects they finance have a big impact for their municipalities.
In Ohio, for example, roughly $650 million in total average bank-qualified debt has been issued each year since 2009. Much of it has been for telecommunications projects, including expanding broadband access to rural Americans.
In Alabama, about half of the bank-qualified debt issued each year goes toward water and sewer projects, as well as primary and secondary education.
While there appears to be strong support for the bill from leadership in the House Committee on Ways and Means, it’s unclear how far an infrastructure-related bill will go in a Congress that has dragged its feet on infrastructure financing and funding in general.
But some believe this bill has a good chance of going forward with or without a larger infrastructure package behind it. “Everybody’s running for office this year,” says Emily Brock, director of GFOA’s Federal Liaison Center. “They’ve been talking about infrastructure for the past two years, but Congress hasn’t done anything yet. This is one thing that would satisfy that need.”
If it does pass, Fabian notes that it’s unlikely to have a significant impact immediately on the muni market, given the historically low interest rates and the current aversion many governments have toward increasing their debt load. “In the near-term, there’s probably a minimal effect on the muni market,” he says. “But in the longer term, it could cultivate stronger capital access for these smaller issuers.”
In other public finance news:
The Fed Cuts Rates
The Federal Reserve cut interest rates this week for the first time in more than a decade, but it’s not time to panic just yet about an economic downturn.
In making the announcement, Fed Chairman Jerome Powell said the economy’s outlook “remains favorable and this action is intended to support that” while buffering the U.S. dollar from global economic and trade uncertainty. "It's not the beginning of a long series of rate cuts," he added. "We'll be taking a somewhat more accommodative stance over time."
Still, the cut was largely expected because there are some signals that the economic expansion may be slowing. A recent S&P Global Ratings report noted that “the outlook for the U.S. economy has worsened since January, with signs that more businesses have closed their wallets and investor skittishness feeding into financial market unrest.”
While economic growth in the first quarter was strong, that was more likely tied to trade tensions as businesses tried to get ahead of protectionist actions from the Trump administration. “More worrisome, private investment and household spending were lackluster,” the report said, adding “these crosscurrents have likely increased fears that economic conditions have worsened.”
Trump Escalates the Trade War
President Trump has announced he will impose a new 10 percent tariff on about $300 billion worth of products from China beginning Sept. 1. The move not only ramps up the trade war between the two countries, it will cost the federal government and Americans billions of dollars.
For starters, Trump has already announced a $16 billion federal aid package for farmers affected by the trade dispute. But this week, Yahoo Finance reported that farmers -- while thankful for some financial buffer -- are still struggling under record-low profits due to the drop in demand. Farm bankruptcies in three major agricultural regions reached their highest level in at least 10 years, much of it due to a decrease in consumers. According to The Wall Street Journal, U.S. farm debt soared over $409 billion in 2017, a level not seen since the 1980s.
Any escalation of the trade war only guarantees more hard times to come. “Farmers are profoundly wary, embarrassed that ad hoc government subsidies are all that stands between many of us and financial ruin," Missouri Farm Bureau President Blake Hurst told Yahoo, "and [are] ready for the return of more normal times.”
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