ADVERTISEMENT

Pension Legal Protections by State

The following map shows legal protections for public employee pensions in each state. Pension protections for past and future benefits vary from state to state; click a state for details.

Legal Basis of Pension Protections
 
Constitutionally-protected
 
Contractually-protected
 
Property rights
 
Other

NOTE: Please zoom out to view Alaska and Hawaii
Sources: Alicia Munnell and Laura Quinby, "Legal Constraints On Changes In State and Local Pensions," Center for Retirement Research; Amy Monahan, "Public Pension Plan Reform: The Legal Framework," University of Minnesota Law School.
Related Readings

Courts struck down pension cuts twice in the last two weeks, setting the stage for potentially more drastic measures.


The food service workers at the Capitol and Pentagon, joined by workers at the National Air and Space Museum and the National Zoo as well as Union Station, will strike for a day to protest wages and working conditions.


A kindergarten teacher.

A recent Urban Institute analysis shows how many years new state workers will need to put in before earning pension benefits from their employers.


A roundup of money (and other) news governments can use.


A roundup of money (and other) news governments can use.


The Fitch Ratings agency has panned Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder’s proposal to save Detroit’s pension fund, calling it “troubling” for bondholders.


Over the last century, states have adopted the idea that pensions are a form of deferred compensation and, along with that change, has come certain protections.


A $25 million investment loss by the Boston-area transportation authority's retirement fund demonstrates the need for the same transparency and oversight that other public pensions are subject to.


Dennis Marton walks with protesters at a rally outside The Theodore Levin United States Courthouse in Detroit, Wednesday, Oct. 23, 2013.

An analysis of retirement data finds that pension reforms contributed to significantly more workers filing retirement paperwork in at least six states.


A sign during a rally by Illinois state union members in support for fair pension reform at the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield.

A new report examines pension liabilities for all types of retirement systems in select jurisdictions, showing sizable fiscal burdens in some cities.


Hundred dollar bills to represent tax revenue

View and compare funded ratios for 246 state pension systems.