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Pension Legal Protections by State

The following map shows legal protections for public employee pensions in each state. Pension protections for past and future benefits vary from state to state; click a state for details.

Legal Basis of Pension Protections
 
Constitutionally-protected
 
Contractually-protected
 
Property rights
 
Other

NOTE: Please zoom out to view Alaska and Hawaii
Sources: Alicia Munnell and Laura Quinby, "Legal Constraints On Changes In State and Local Pensions," Center for Retirement Research; Amy Monahan, "Public Pension Plan Reform: The Legal Framework," University of Minnesota Law School.
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