Minimum Wage Workers By State: 2013 Statistics

See numbers of worker making the federal minimum wage in each state for 2013.

 

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 The number of Americans making the federal minimum wage of $7.25 an hour or less was 3.3 million in 2013. That total accounts for about 4.3 percent of the hourly workforce, a share that has gradually declined in recent years.

The Labor Department's estimates for minimum-wage workers by state depict large regional differences across the country. Approximately 7.4 percent of Tennessee's hourly workforce earned wages at or below the federal rate in 2013, the largest share of any state. By comparison, less than 2 percent of hourly employees earned federal minimum wages or less in Oregon, California and Washington.

About half of states have state minimum wage laws with rates set above the federal minimum, so these states tend to have lower shares of workers earning the federal minimum. Varying concentrations of low-wage industries in states also explain part of the regional differences.

Minimum Wage Map

The following map shows the average share of minimum-wage workers in each state earning $7.25 or less in 2013. Figures shown are only for employees paid at hourly rates and do not include self-employed workers. Hourly earnings do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips. Tipped workers and select firms (typically smaller employers) are not subject to the Fair Labor Standards Act, so some of these workers are listed as earning less than the federal minimum wage.

Click a state to display its data. Please zoom out to view Alaska and Hawaii.


Figures represent Governing calculations using BLS Current Population Survey data for 2013 annual averages.

Additional State Data

The following table lists additional data for median wages and hourly workers earning wages at or below the federal rate. Hourly earnings do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips. Totals represent 2013 annual averages and do not include self-employed workers.



State At or Below Minimum Wage Below Minimum Wage At Minimum Wage Median Hourly Earnings Std. Error (+/-)
Oregon 12,000 8,000 4,000 $13.84 $0.24
California 118,000 70,000 48,000 $13.11 $0.11
Washington 30,000 12,000 18,000 $14.76 $0.30
Montana 6,000 4,000 2,000 $12.96 $0.37
Connecticut 22,000 17,000 5,000 $14.85 $0.17
Nevada 20,000 12,000 8,000 $12.97 $0.22
Alaska 6,000 2,000 4,000 $15.71 $1.04
New Hampshire 11,000 5,000 6,000 $14.56 $0.68
Colorado 39,000 32,000 7,000 $13.91 $0.22
North Dakota 7,000 3,000 4,000 $14.59 $0.93
Illinois 96,000 74,000 22,000 $12.86 $0.22
Maine 13,000 9,000 4,000 $13.17 $0.44
Massachusetts 54,000 42,000 12,000 $14.06 $0.25
District of Columbia 4,000 3,000 1,000 $13.58 $1.48
Michigan 96,000 79,000 17,000 $12.90 $0.14
Vermont 7,000 5,000 2,000 $14.14 $0.80
Arizona 58,000 34,000 24,000 $12.55 $0.41
Ohio 137,000 105,000 32,000 $13.06 $0.15
Minnesota 64,000 21,000 43,000 $14.31 $0.34
Rhode Island 12,000 10,000 2,000 $14.05 $0.46
New York 178,000 90,000 88,000 $13.16 $0.12
Kentucky 49,000 17,000 32,000 $12.42 $0.27
New Mexico 20,000 18,000 2,000 $12.03 $0.25
Florida 181,000 142,000 39,000 $12.01 $0.08
Kansas 35,000 14,000 21,000 $12.52 $0.39
Hawaii 15,000 5,000 10,000 $13.62 $0.89
Utah 36,000 14,000 22,000 $12.44 $0.48
Missouri 73,000 42,000 31,000 $13.25 $0.27
South Dakota 12,000 6,000 6,000 $12.78 $0.48
Georgia 103,000 49,000 54,000 $12.24 $0.14
New Jersey 92,000 58,000 34,000 $13.30 $0.33
West Virginia 22,000 10,000 12,000 $13.12 $0.40
Maryland 66,000 36,000 30,000 $14.12 $0.27
Wyoming 9,000 4,000 5,000 $14.24 $1.17
Nebraska 29,000 12,000 17,000 $13.02 $0.27
Wisconsin 91,000 32,000 59,000 $13.74 $0.29
Louisiana 53,000 26,000 27,000 $12.17 $0.23
Delaware 11,000 6,000 5,000 $12.79 $1.00
Iowa 50,000 20,000 30,000 $13.10 $0.27
Pennsylvania 189,000 93,000 96,000 $13.77 $0.17
South Carolina 65,000 25,000 40,000 $12.33 $0.36
North Carolina 130,000 57,000 73,000 $12.12 $0.10
Mississippi 39,000 19,000 20,000 $12.03 $0.23
Virginia 112,000 54,000 58,000 $13.38 $0.25
Indiana 108,000 47,000 61,000 $12.78 $0.21
Oklahoma 60,000 31,000 29,000 $12.46 $0.44
Texas 400,000 177,000 223,000 $11.99 $0.06
Arkansas 44,000 14,000 30,000 $11.98 $0.16
Alabama 77,000 33,000 44,000 $12.52 $0.41
Idaho 29,000 8,000 21,000 $12.30 $0.46
Tennessee 117,000 66,000 51,000 $12.11 $0.10

Source: Current Population Survey, 2013 Annual Averages