Who Is On Food Stamps, By State

The most recent data indicates about 15.7 million American households are on food stamps, with enrollment varying greatly from state to state.

The number of participants for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as food stamps, climbed steadily beginning with the arrival of the Great Recession. Enrollment has since stabilized, declining slightly in 2013.

As a share of all households, Oregon (19.8 percent), Mississippi (19.4 percent) and Maine (18 percent) had the highest SNAP participation rates in 2013, according to Census estimates. Wyoming (5.9 percent) recorded the lowest SNAP participation rate of any state.

SNAP participation rates differ greatly by state, partially due to to differences in eligibility requirements and how states administer SNAP. Nationwide, the Census Bureau estimates that 13.5 percent of all households received SNAP benefits at some point in 2013.

State SNAP Participation Rates

Select a state below to view trends in SNAP participation rates for each state.


The following chart shows a different set of SNAP participation data compiled by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Monthly totals are shown for individuals, rather than the household participation rates listed above.

Related Readings

The holidays are always the busiest time of the year for food banks. Those who help the hungry are preparing for even more recipients this year.

The farm bill that Congress is negotiating will likely include cuts to the food stamps program that nutrition advocates say will discourage poor people from making healthier choices with the dollars that remain.

A farmers market in Roseville, Calif., that accepts electronic Benefit Transfer cards.

The cuts and changes Congress has been weighing to the farm bill could knock millions off SNAP rolls and reverse years of progress states have made in streamlining applications. See data showing how each state could be affected.