More Americans are opting to move south, favoring beaches and warmer climates over snowy winters.

New Census data suggest most of the nation’s fastest growing metro areas are retirement destinations found in the Sun Belt.

Many Sun Belt retiree hotspots had seen slowdowns in migration during the economic downturn. But the latest Census data numbers signal that, for the past two years, migration to these regions has largely accelerated again. The reversal is perhaps most evident in Florida, a state that last year had eight of the nation's top 10 metro areas with the highest net migration rates.

The new population estimates for the 12-month period ending last July cover all metro areas and counties. Of larger metro areas with more than a million residents, regions recording the highest annual net migration rates were Austin-Round Rock, Texas, (+206 per 10,000 population); Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla., (+205 per 10,000 population); and Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla. (+183 per 10,000 population).

In terms of raw totals, the Houston (+99,260) and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington (+86,701) metro areas registered the top total net migration gains in 2015. The four largest metro areas in Texas, in fact, collectively added more residents last year than any other state.

One region that’s recorded steady population growth from domestic migration each of the past few years is the Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, S.C., area. Parts of North Carolina also benefit somewhat from retirees, although not to the same degree as coastal regions further south.

“To some extent, retiree migration into North Carolina is very new,” said Rebecca Tippett, who studies demography at the Carolina Population Center. “It really started to uptick in the last 15 years.”

Not all retirees flock to the Carolinas or elsewhere in the Southeast from colder climates, however. Some initially move to Florida, then opt to relocate in search of more seasonal weather, mountains or other amenities, Tippett said. These retirees have been dubbed “halfbacks”: After first moving south, they ultimately end up moving back north -- but not all the way.

Migration across the Southeast isn’t exclusively tied to movement of retirees. The Raleigh, N.C., and Charlotte, N.C., regions attract younger adults with large research institutions and major employers. Some growing metro areas, Tippett said, also benefit from those wanting to live closer to high-quality medical facilities and caregivers. 

The population shift to the Sun Belt should continue as more baby boomers retire, although another downturn in the economy would likely slow its momentum.

Several Sun Belt metro areas recently rebounded after experiencing large migration dropoffs during the years immediately following the Great Recession. 

Consider the Phoenix metro area, which has recorded net domestic migration gains exceeding 40,000 each of the past two years after adding only about 3,000 residents in 2010 and 4,000 in 2011. The Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, Nev., area similarly lost residents via domestic migration in 2010 through 2011, but saw nearly 25,000 people migrate in from other parts of the U.S. last year. Both regions were hit particularly hard by the bursting of the housing bubble. Other metro areas experiencing notable upticks in domestic migration recently include the Atlanta and Tampa metro areas.

Areas relying more on retirees tend to experience little to no natural population changes (that is, deaths subtracted from births), a characteristic quite common throughout jurisdictions along coastal Florida. This graph illustrates five retiree-driven Sun Belt metro areas where domestic migration has accelerated:

Jurisdictions experiencing sizable population shifts must plan and budget accordingly. Hillsborough County, where Tampa is located, has focused on improving its transportation network to accommodate the region’s projected growth. The issue is likely the most important facing the region, so officials are budgeting additional dollars for transportation projects, said Liana Lopez, the county’s chief communications administrator. Hillsborough County welcomed an estimated 15,000 residents from other parts of the country last year after recording slight domestic migration losses in 2012 and 2013.

Movement to the Sun Belt has, in turn, taken a toll on Snow Belt regions. Net domestic migration in Sun Belt states nearly matched its 2004-2005 peak of 600,000 last year, according to the Brookings Institution’s William Frey. Meanwhile, in northeastern states, Census estimates indicate that total population loses stemming from domestic migration topped 324,000. 

In Chicago, the metro area's total population dipped by just over 6,000 last year. While that’s not much given the region's size, it marks the first annual population decline in years. Cook County, the region’s largest county, lost population for the first time since 2007.

The El Paso, Texas, metro area recorded the lowest net migration rate of any metro area with more than 500,000 residents from 2014 to 2015. El Paso has registered negative net migration for four consecutive years, losing just under 12,000 residents last year.

Along with domestic migration, movement to and from foreign countries further influences migration rates. Every metro area recorded positive gains from international migration last year, helping to offset continued domestic losses in places like New York City that lose residents to other regions each year. A recent analysis of Census data suggests the foreign born are increasingly settling in less-established immigrant cities where their numbers are fewer.

Metro Area Migration Data

Figures shown reflect changes in Census population estimates between July 2014 and July 2015. Total migration estimates include domestic and international migration. 

Metro Area Net Migration Rate Per 10K Pop. Domestic Net Migration Rate Per 10K Pop. Total Net Migration Domestic Net Migration
The Villages, FL 619 614 7,208 7,150
Punta Gorda, FL 380 362 6,495 6,181
Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC 369 360 15,674 15,264
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL 351 305 24,255 21,037
North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL 313 282 23,758 21,375
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL 298 276 4,365 4,046
Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL 274 209 9,685 7,383
Port St. Lucie, FL 256 232 11,530 10,422
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL 249 226 15,381 13,937
Bend-Redmond, OR 249 248 4,310 4,289
Homosassa Springs, FL 232 225 3,250 3,155
Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC 226 197 4,619 4,038
Midland, TX 222 212 3,644 3,472
Greeley, CO 219 206 6,147 5,786
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL 219 195 12,303 10,969
Fort Collins, CO 214 198 7,058 6,502
Austin-Round Rock, TX 206 169 40,710 33,276
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 205 126 48,362 29,683
Odessa, TX 204 194 3,206 3,047
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL 201 151 12,944 9,688
Sebring, FL 189 163 1,865 1,608
Prescott, AZ 186 176 4,105 3,884
St. George, UT 186 182 2,858 2,799
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 183 139 53,946 41,005
Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL 183 172 3,690 3,469
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA 182 161 4,680 4,135
Coeur d'Alene, ID 180 176 2,672 2,625
College Station-Bryan, TX 175 111 4,309 2,734
Charleston-North Charleston, SC 173 156 12,742 11,502
Raleigh, NC 168 131 21,184 16,465
Athens-Clarke County, GA 161 132 3,230 2,657
Wilmington, NC 159 145 4,372 4,002
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV 157 119 32,804 24,901
Jacksonville, FL 154 121 22,130 17,367
Ocala, FL 153 136 5,212 4,644
Grants Pass, OR 152 152 1,282 1,277
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 151 94 99,260 61,759
Bismarck, ND 148 144 1,892 1,849
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO 147 114 7,474 5,769
Salisbury, MD-DE 145 115 5,677 4,531
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN 144 117 26,062 21,253
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 143 115 39,892 32,031
Fargo, ND-MN 141 101 3,257 2,325
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX 141 113 33,187 26,560
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 140 114 33,756 27,428
Sherman-Denison, TX 137 123 1,701 1,525
Bellingham, WA 135 113 2,845 2,374
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL 134 105 3,473 2,731
Boulder, CO 131 96 4,163 3,053
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 129 100 58,222 45,299
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 125 78 6,865 4,254
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 123 82 86,701 57,739
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 118 91 27,902 21,479
Savannah, GA 114 85 4,298 3,189
Panama City, FL 114 93 2,230 1,825
Boise City, ID 113 97 7,570 6,510
Corvallis, OR 111 57 966 496
Asheville, NC 107 99 4,771 4,400
Wenatchee, WA 107 95 1,236 1,090
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ 107 104 2,175 2,113
Gainesville, GA 104 89 1,997 1,705
Eugene, OR 104 81 3,747 2,937
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 103 65 58,197 36,806
Reno, NV 102 82 4,575 3,650
Bowling Green, KY 102 68 1,704 1,130
Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC 102 83 8,826 7,228
Auburn-Opelika, AL 101 63 1,578 974
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 101 43 37,494 15,817
Longview, WA 99 94 1,023 964
Salem, OR 99 87 4,025 3,529
Medford, OR 99 94 2,085 1,996
Burlington, NC 97 81 1,525 1,268
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 96 68 5,953 4,193
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA 95 83 1,150 1,005
Oklahoma City, OK 92 66 12,354 8,882
Gainesville, FL 91 35 2,508 959
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL 91 63 4,328 2,983
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL 89 -28 53,398 -16,657
Pueblo, CO 89 83 1,440 1,357
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 88 18 40,851 8,553
Olympia-Tumwater, WA 88 55 2,351 1,482
Brunswick, GA 88 72 1,010 832
Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA 87 69 4,759 3,732
Charlottesville, VA 87 43 1,974 984
Colorado Springs, CO 85 54 5,879 3,713
Spartanburg, SC 84 76 2,719 2,446
Columbia, SC 84 63 6,747 5,084
Missoula, MT 83 73 943 829
Stockton-Lodi, CA 79 52 5,719 3,745
Lubbock, TX 79 62 2,443 1,927
Albany, OR 79 76 943 916
Morristown, TN 78 67 905 783
Jonesboro, AR 77 63 986 801
Lawrence, KS 77 18 902 216
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 76 40 17,249 9,135
Hammond, LA 75 66 958 844
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC 74 55 4,342 3,246
Morgantown, WV 71 42 970 584
Kennewick-Richland, WA 70 53 1,941 1,468
Tyler, TX 70 53 1,547 1,168
Cleveland, TN 68 57 818 691
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA 66 29 2,843 1,270
Tulsa, OK 66 49 6,396 4,807
Columbus, IN 63 24 507 196
Walla Walla, WA 63 49 402 315
Provo-Orem, UT 62 44 3,616 2,566
Dover, DE 62 40 1,070 688
Columbus, OH 58 26 11,676 5,147
Sioux Falls, SD 57 28 1,433 710
Lexington-Fayette, KY 57 23 2,844 1,164
Lake Charles, LA 57 47 1,162 960
Victoria, TX 55 45 548 449
San Angelo, TX 55 37 655 435
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA 54 37 1,479 1,015
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA 53 43 1,480 1,205
Madison, WI 53 19 3,362 1,241
Lynchburg, VA 52 37 1,354 949
Richmond, VA 51 19 6,411 2,429
Springfield, MO 50 42 2,271 1,896
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 50 -51 9,789 -10,109
Huntsville, AL 49 34 2,181 1,494
Ogden-Clearfield, UT 49 35 3,094 2,219
New Orleans-Metairie, LA 48 19 6,079 2,421
Owensboro, KY 48 42 563 487
State College, PA 47 -25 758 -394
Tuscaloosa, AL 46 35 1,094 830
Billings, MT 46 41 763 689
Chattanooga, TN-GA 45 34 2,483 1,830
Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN 43 -41 925 -869
Lincoln, NE 43 7 1,383 235
Columbia, MO 43 -4 742 -63
Flagstaff, AZ 43 30 589 414
Chico, CA 42 30 945 684
Logan, UT-ID 42 14 555 189
Iowa City, IA 42 -21 687 -352
Lebanon, PA 41 4 556 48
Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH 40 -30 19,166 -14,458
Modesto, CA 40 12 2,146 621
Lafayette, LA 40 21 1,939 1,034
Knoxville, TN 39 29 3,390 2,524
Portland-South Portland, ME 39 23 2,062 1,208
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 38 6 2,166 345
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 38 10 3,435 914
Napa, CA 38 1 534 10
Winston-Salem, NC 38 22 2,466 1,472
Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, MS 37 12 1,444 478
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 37 16 16,421 7,024
Waco, TX 36 23 942 589
California-Lexington Park, MD 36 15 398 165
Corpus Christi, TX 35 16 1,593 718
Greensboro-High Point, NC 35 9 2,640 675
Barnstable Town, MA 33 17 718 368
Staunton-Waynesboro, VA 33 26 398 311
Rome, GA 33 19 319 187
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX 33 16 1,331 635
Bloomington, IN 33 -36 539 -592
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 32 -46 19,588 -27,907
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV 31 17 817 444
Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN 31 5 6,132 970
St. Cloud, MN 31 16 592 300
Abilene, TX 30 4 507 74
Johnson City, TN 30 23 594 464
Gettysburg, PA 29 19 294 192
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI 29 9 2,954 907
Salt Lake City, UT 28 -4 3,306 -442
Tucson, AZ 28 2 2,797 161
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 28 -29 9,096 -9,372
Cedar Rapids, IA 28 12 731 331
Kansas City, MO-KS 24 4 5,059 779
Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN 24 2 3,009 198
Hot Springs, AR 22 21 218 200
Santa Rosa, CA 22 8 1,121 404
Tallahassee, FL 21 -3 789 -118
Roanoke, VA 20 -11 629 -342
Santa Fe, NM 20 -11 292 -165
Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI 18 -35 299 -570
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ 17 -18 1,450 -1,488
Harrisonburg, VA 17 -18 227 -235
Joplin, MO 17 3 305 54
Cheyenne, WY 17 3 162 27
Worcester, MA-CT 15 -32 1,406 -3,007
Killeen-Temple, TX 15 -38 625 -1,639
Dubuque, IA 14 2 138 15
Elkhart-Goshen, IN 14 6 286 126
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 14 -23 4,797 -7,964
York-Hanover, PA 13 -5 596 -230
Manhattan, KS 13 -73 128 -712
Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA 13 -3 196 -52
Idaho Falls, ID 13 7 175 98
Champaign-Urbana, IL 13 -77 298 -1,841
Fort Wayne, IN 12 -11 535 -458
Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA 11 -28 478 -1,237
Appleton, WI 11 2 250 44
Ames, IA 10 -82 98 -789
Green Bay, WI 10 -6 312 -205
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC 10 0 358 8
Providence-Warwick, RI-MA 9 -28 1,424 -4,454
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 8 -25 712 -2,174
Yuba City, CA 8 -33 137 -561
Casper, WY 8 -1 65 -5
Grand Junction, CO 8 2 114 26
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD 7 -31 2,062 -8,634
Carson City, NV 7 4 39 21
Lansing-East Lansing, MI 7 -43 336 -2,044
Longview, TX 7 -8 147 -182
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN 7 -12 1,455 -2,674
Parkersburg-Vienna, WV 6 5 59 44
Winchester, VA-WV 6 -4 84 -48
Ann Arbor, MI 6 -61 213 -2,176
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 6 -39 108 -704
Springfield, MA 6 -62 361 -3,888
Urban Honolulu, HI 5 -75 544 -7,475
Sheboygan, WI 5 -5 58 -60
Baton Rouge, LA 5 -13 397 -1,082
Dothan, AL 5 1 67 15
Fresno, CA 2 -21 200 -2,022
Manchester-Nashua, NH 2 -27 83 -1,111
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 1 -9 168 -1,067
Lancaster, PA 1 -28 49 -1,484
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 0 -54 576 -71,169
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 0 -2 11 -62
Dalton, GA 0 -10 5 -147
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 0 -81 -68 -164,019
Eau Claire, WI 0 -8 -1 -133
La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN -1 -9 -9 -128
Evansville, IN-KY -1 -10 -25 -316
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD -2 -40 -1,021 -24,485
Grand Forks, ND-MN -2 -41 -19 -419
Texarkana, TX-AR -2 -6 -29 -90
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI -2 -24 -69 -792
Merced, CA -2 -24 -64 -647
Midland, MI -3 -24 -24 -203
Lewiston, ID-WA -3 -7 -19 -42
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT -3 -74 -321 -6,994
Greenville, NC -4 -21 -68 -365
Muskegon, MI -4 -9 -73 -149
Ithaca, NY -4 -125 -47 -1,313
Burlington-South Burlington, VT -5 -32 -101 -700
Clarksville, TN-KY -5 -58 -133 -1,611
Bakersfield, CA -6 -31 -496 -2,716
Reading, PA -6 -43 -245 -1,798
Mankato-North Mankato, MN -6 -24 -60 -234
Hattiesburg, MS -8 -17 -114 -252
Fort Smith, AR-OK -8 -19 -230 -521
Carbondale-Marion, IL -9 -35 -112 -446
St. Louis, MO-IL -9 -27 -2,579 -7,712
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA -9 -34 -793 -2,905
Albuquerque, NM -10 -27 -884 -2,433
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA -10 -26 -169 -441
Wichita, KS -10 -33 -657 -2,123
Pittsburgh, PA -11 -28 -2,520 -6,593
Duluth, MN-WI -12 -20 -330 -554
Monroe, LA -12 -18 -216 -331
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI -13 -32 -405 -1,014
Houma-Thibodaux, LA -14 -25 -287 -531
Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY -14 -46 -1,542 -5,256
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR -14 -29 -998 -2,133
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA -14 -39 -783 -2,189
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC -14 -52 -2,422 -8,948
Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH -15 -16 -176 -197
Rochester, MN -15 -45 -318 -968
Gadsden, AL -16 -21 -164 -215
Akron, OH -16 -39 -1,152 -2,738
Jackson, MI -18 -26 -287 -407
Jefferson City, MO -18 -29 -274 -440
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI -19 -51 -8,214 -22,030
Ocean City, NJ -21 -49 -201 -462
Montgomery, AL -21 -37 -792 -1,372
Mansfield, OH -22 -25 -262 -306
Amarillo, TX -22 -56 -574 -1,464
Fond du Lac, WI -22 -37 -227 -381
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX -22 -52 -1,867 -4,325
Kokomo, IN -22 -29 -185 -239
Mobile, AL -23 -39 -950 -1,608
Wheeling, WV-OH -24 -26 -343 -383
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT -24 -74 -2,880 -8,932
Warner Robins, GA -24 -48 -448 -896
Dayton, OH -24 -46 -1,917 -3,673
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL -25 -31 -368 -450
Cape Girardeau, MO-IL -25 -39 -244 -385
Janesville-Beloit, WI -25 -32 -411 -522
Altoona, PA -26 -29 -324 -365
Wausau, WI -26 -34 -356 -467
Redding, CA -26 -39 -472 -709
Rapid City, SD -26 -39 -380 -563
Jackson, MS -27 -38 -1,577 -2,181
Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville, AL -28 -34 -325 -391
Glens Falls, NY -28 -32 -359 -412
Canton-Massillon, OH -28 -33 -1,149 -1,333
Cleveland-Elyria, OH -29 -51 -5,896 -10,436
Florence, SC -30 -35 -614 -728
Cumberland, MD-WV -31 -41 -309 -407
Topeka, KS -31 -39 -723 -917
Grand Island, NE -31 -75 -266 -633
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI -31 -54 -4,936 -8,461
Kingston, NY -31 -56 -568 -1,014
Trenton, NJ -32 -109 -1,191 -4,058
Racine, WI -32 -40 -627 -784
Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA -33 -53 -282 -451
Salinas, CA -34 -67 -1,489 -2,880
Terre Haute, IN -35 -48 -591 -817
Springfield, OH -35 -39 -474 -532
Springfield, IL -36 -50 -760 -1,057
New Haven-Milford, CT -36 -84 -3,115 -7,257
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI -37 -46 -625 -773
Elmira, NY -37 -50 -323 -433
Decatur, AL -37 -45 -572 -692
Monroe, MI -38 -43 -567 -647
Rochester, NY -38 -70 -4,111 -7,552
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD -38 -60 -643 -1,007
Lewiston-Auburn, ME -38 -51 -409 -552
Muncie, IN -39 -55 -454 -643
Pittsfield, MA -39 -56 -502 -719
Yuma, AZ -39 -73 -799 -1,495
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL -40 -57 -1,518 -2,197
Syracuse, NY -41 -73 -2,697 -4,849
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH -42 -47 -1,511 -1,699
Yakima, WA -42 -48 -1,036 -1,204
Macon, GA -42 -53 -977 -1,219
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA -43 -50 -2,382 -2,769
Memphis, TN-MS-AR -44 -60 -5,868 -7,998
Norwich-New London, CT -44 -95 -1,193 -2,574
Pocatello, ID -44 -60 -368 -500
Bay City, MI -44 -52 -471 -547
Toledo, OH -45 -56 -2,709 -3,412
Erie, PA -45 -68 -1,256 -1,884
Williamsport, PA -46 -52 -531 -609
East Stroudsburg, PA -46 -67 -766 -1,111
Johnstown, PA -49 -54 -670 -735
Visalia-Porterville, CA -49 -61 -2,260 -2,786
Hanford-Corcoran, CA -49 -77 -744 -1,166
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI -50 -84 -48,201 -80,160
Beckley, WV -51 -61 -630 -751
Utica-Rome, NY -51 -82 -1,523 -2,426
Alexandria, LA -53 -62 -814 -963
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI -53 -77 -822 -1,191
Madera, CA -56 -72 -874 -1,110
Great Falls, MT -57 -74 -465 -611
Battle Creek, MI -57 -72 -767 -973
St. Joseph, MO-KS -58 -76 -733 -963
Bangor, ME -58 -68 -895 -1,046
Flint, MI -62 -68 -2,554 -2,821
Laredo, TX -62 -96 -1,670 -2,576
Binghamton, NY -63 -88 -1,556 -2,170
Jackson, TN -63 -70 -824 -907
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA -64 -76 -2,850 -3,372
Las Cruces, NM -64 -77 -1,377 -1,643
Anchorage, AK -66 -102 -2,648 -4,061
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ -70 -135 -1,927 -3,717
Goldsboro, NC -72 -102 -900 -1,264
Rockford, IL -75 -88 -2,567 -3,009
Columbus, GA-AL -77 -114 -2,428 -3,586
Peoria, IL -77 -91 -2,930 -3,444
Lima, OH -78 -85 -813 -892
Rocky Mount, NC -78 -82 -1,155 -1,222
Danville, IL -78 -83 -623 -658
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX -79 -100 -3,317 -4,228
El Centro, CA -80 -103 -1,439 -1,855
Michigan City-La Porte, IN -81 -85 -898 -951
Kankakee, IL -82 -93 -909 -1,029
Charleston, WV -84 -90 -1,873 -1,995
Sumter, SC -86 -104 -930 -1,116
Fairbanks, AK -90 -139 -894 -1,379
Bloomington, IL -96 -133 -1,814 -2,534
El Paso, TX -102 -141 -8,536 -11,854
Saginaw, MI -103 -114 -1,998 -2,207
Valdosta, GA -103 -127 -1,473 -1,820
Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ -106 -138 -1,656 -2,164
Decatur, IL -106 -115 -1,147 -1,240
Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ -108 -136 -1,370 -1,725
Pine Bluff, AR -118 -121 -1,112 -1,144
Wichita Falls, TX -124 -158 -1,878 -2,395
Jacksonville, NC -125 -207 -2,324 -3,838
New Bern, NC -127 -166 -1,611 -2,104
Lawton, OK -130 -178 -1,705 -2,326
Fayetteville, NC -132 -188 -4,982 -7,074
Albany, GA -137 -146 -2,120 -2,259
Watertown-Fort Drum, NY -228 -291 -2,695 -3,448
Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY -281 -307 -4,227 -4,615
Hinesville, GA -429 -493 -3,482 -4,002
Farmington, NM -501 -504 -6,075 -6,116