Melissa Maynard was a GOVERNING contributor, working as a project reporter on the Government Performance Project, a project of the Pew Center on the States.E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
A glossary of terms for Web 2.0
WIKI: A collaboratively edited Web page that allows users to edit or add content. The most famous wiki is Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia, and the term wiki means fast in Hawaiian.
NOOB (pronounced Newbie): Somebody who is new to a wiki.
WATCH/UNWATCH: When a user wants to be updated on new entries to a wiki, or stop being updated.
Virtual World terms:
VIRTUAL WORLD: A computer-based, simulated environment. Popular virtual worlds include Second Life and There.com.
AVATAR: A visitor's alter-ego in the virtual world, a self-designed graphical representation of a person unconstrained by reality or gravity.
FIRST LIFE: The real world, in the language of Second-Lifers
RESIDENT: A real Second Lifer. In order to qualify as a resident, a person has to have a stake in the virtual world. Simply having a login doesn't qualify.
LINDEN DOLLAR: The currency of Second Life, which has its own economy and a GDP ofapproximately$500million.
Other Web 2.0 terms:
TAG: Key words that describe the content of a Web page and can be used to organize and retrieve information.
FOLKSONOMY: Organizationof the Web through the use of tags.
MASHUP: A Web service or software that combines online tools to create a new tool. For example, ChicagoCrime uses Google Maps and data from the Chicago police department's crime Web site to create a map of crime in Chicago.