PARTISAN ELECTIONS
Alabama, Illinois, Louisiana, Pennsylvania, Texas, West Virginia, Michigan, Ohio

NON-PARTISAN ELECTIONS
Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Kentucky, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oregon, Washington, Wisconsin

APPOINTMENT WITH RETENTION ELECTION
Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Indiana ,Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Wyoming

APPOINTMENT WITH NO REELECTION
Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia

*Ohio and Michigan use a partisan process to nominate candidates, but do not list partisan affiliation on general election ballots.

Sources: American Judicature Society, American Bar Association