Teen's Case Becomes Test of Trump Policies on Abortion and Immigration
By Joseph Tanfani
A divided federal appeals court delayed final resolution of the case of a 17-year-old pregnant migrant in federal detention who is seeking an abortion, giving the Trump administration until the end of this month to find a private sponsor who can house her and will allow her to obtain the procedure.
The 2-1 ruling, written by Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh, a conservative appointed by President George W. Bush, said that if the government failed to find a sponsor by Oct. 31, the young woman can return to a district court that earlier this week ordered the government to allow her to get an abortion by this weekend.
During oral argument of the case Friday, judges on the panel made clear that they hoped to avoid making a decision that could have significant ramifications on abortion law.
Kavanaugh repeatedly pressed lawyers on whether the conflict could be solved by moving the young woman from the shelter where she is currently detained to the custody of a family member or other sponsor.
"We're being pushed in the span of 24 hours to make a sweeping constitutional ruling," he said. The third judge on the panel, Karen Henderson, also a Republican appointee, joined Kavanaugh's decision but indicated she did not fully agree with his reasons.
The young woman, called Jane Doe to protect her identity, has been detained in a shelter in Texas since she crossed the border illegally in September. She is now 15 weeks' pregnant and wants to get an abortion, but the Office of Refugee Resettlement, now headed by a lifelong anti-abortion activist, is blocking her from getting one.
In a class-action lawsuit that could become a significant test of abortion rights, the ACLU says that the office's policy is an unconstitutional infringement of the young woman's rights.
The administration has argued that it has no obligation to help her get an abortion while she is in detention, saying she could get out of the facility if she were willing to leave the country. Lawyers conceded, however, that Doe's home country, which has not been identified, does not allow abortions.
Brigitte Amiri, a senior staff attorney for the ACLU, said before the court's ruling that the young woman should not be forced to give up her rights to an immigration hearing in order to obtain an abortion.
"What they are actually doing is supplanting J.D.'s decision that an abortion is in her best interest," she said. "We're talking about whether the government can veto the decision."
The case has become a flashpoint in the wars over abortion. On Friday morning, activists with Planned Parenthood demonstrated outside the Health and Human Services Department building, waving signs saying, "I am Jane Doe" and "Justicia por Jane Doe."
The Texas Catholic Conference of Bishops issued a statement supporting the administration's position: "No one _ the government, private individuals or organizations _ should be forced to be complicit in abortion," the statement says.
The resettlement office takes custody of undocumented minors who cross the border illegally and places them with a network of shelters run by churches and social organizations. The Catholic Church is the biggest provider in the network. The 17-year-old, however, is not in a church-affiliated shelter.
The new director of the refugee office, Republican lawyer E. Scott Lloyd, has spent most of his professional career advocating for restrictions on abortion and contraception. In March, the office instructed shelters that women were not permitted to get abortions without the director's written permission. Since then, he has personally tried to persuade teenagers in the shelters to not get abortions, court papers show.
During oral arguments Friday, under questioning by both a Republican and Democrat on the three-judge panel, a Justice Department lawyer acknowledged inconsistencies in U.S. policy, which allows access to abortions for adult women in both federal prison and immigration detention.
Kavanaugh pointed out that if Doe had crossed the border and been jailed for a crime, she'd be permitted to get an abortion.
The lawyer, Catherine Dorsey, tried to avoid taking a position on whether undocumented immigrants are covered by the Constitution's guarantee of a woman's right to abortion, eventually surrendering the point.
"Is there any way it's not relevant?" asked Judge Patricia Millett, an appointee of President Barack Obama.
Even if Doe has those rights, "she can file a request for voluntary departure at any time," Dorsey said.
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