Economic Development

Impressive Outcomes from Mexico’s Cash-to-Poor-Families Program

According to the Oportunidades' website, direct cash payments to Mexican families and children had significant and positive affects as shown in these interim outcome measures.
by | September 2010
 

According to the Oportunidades' website, direct cash payments to Mexican families and children had significant and positive affects as shown in these interim outcome measures:

Education:

- Children 12 and 14 years old in rural areas increased their probability of enrolling in junior high school 42 percent and 30 percent, respectively.

- Program participants were 23 percent more likely to finish high school than non-participants.

- In rural areas, dropout rates of those ages 16 and 19 years old decreased 23 percent.

- High school enrollment increased by 85 percent for the first year in participating rural areas.

- In rural areas, 11-year-olds who at some point failed a class showed a 46 percent decrease of grade failure rates after participating in Oportunidades.

Nutrition and Health:

- In rural areas, preventive and curative health visits of Oportunidades' beneficiary families increased 35 percent.

- In urban areas, preventive health visits increased 26 percent for adults 19 through 49 years old.

- Nationwide, maternal deaths and infant mortality decreased 11 percent and 2 percent respectively, among program participants.

- Seriousness of anemia cases decreased 12.8 points for children 2 years old and younger in both urban and rural areas for program participants.

Qualitative impact:

- elimination of the education gap between men and women;

- positive expectations of parents for their girl's education;

- significant increase in consumption of proteins, fruits and vegetables among beneficiaries; and

- improved the credit worthiness of participating women and domestic groups.

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