Impressive Outcomes from Mexico’s Cash-to-Poor-Families Program
According to the Oportunidades' website, direct cash payments to Mexican families and children had significant and positive affects as shown in these interim outcome measures.
According to the Oportunidades' website, direct cash payments to Mexican families and children had significant and positive affects as shown in these interim outcome measures:
- Children 12 and 14 years old in rural areas increased their probability of enrolling in junior high school 42 percent and 30 percent, respectively.
- Program participants were 23 percent more likely to finish high school than non-participants.
- In rural areas, dropout rates of those ages 16 and 19 years old decreased 23 percent.
- High school enrollment increased by 85 percent for the first year in participating rural areas.
- In rural areas, 11-year-olds who at some point failed a class showed a 46 percent decrease of grade failure rates after participating in Oportunidades.
Nutrition and Health:
- In rural areas, preventive and curative health visits of Oportunidades' beneficiary families increased 35 percent.
- In urban areas, preventive health visits increased 26 percent for adults 19 through 49 years old.
- Nationwide, maternal deaths and infant mortality decreased 11 percent and 2 percent respectively, among program participants.
- Seriousness of anemia cases decreased 12.8 points for children 2 years old and younger in both urban and rural areas for program participants.
- elimination of the education gap between men and women;
- positive expectations of parents for their girl's education;
- significant increase in consumption of proteins, fruits and vegetables among beneficiaries; and
- improved the credit worthiness of participating women and domestic groups.