Back in 2008, Midland, Texas, Mayor Wes Perry knew his town was about to take off. The city of nearly 150,000 in west Texas sits atop the Permian Basin, one of North America’s largest oil reserves. For decades, much of the oil remained untouched, contained in rock formations buried deep beneath the surface. But then Perry, an oilman himself, says he starting hearing how experiments using hydraulic fracturing had proved promising. “When people figured out how to [produce oil] through fracking, that was the game changer,” he said. Since then, Midland has transformed itself into the nation’s fastest booming metro area, ranking at or near the top of the list of every major measure of recent economic and population growth. The latest census estimates reported Midland’s population swelled 4.6 percent in only a year, topping all other metro areas. Its economy similarly expanded payrolls by 6.2 percent over the past 12 months, the second largest gain nationwide. While Midland is thriving, the influx of companies and new workers haven’t come without growing pains. All around the city, consequences of the boom are apparent. Major roadways spanning the region’s flat plains are more congested. Asking prices for rentals have doubled. Longer lines greet customers at restaurants and other local businesses. Midland’s longtime residents have met the growth with mixed feelings. “Some are experiencing the financial successes,” Perry said. “Plenty of other people are really not interested in change and growth.” What’s likely the top public concern is the skyrocketing cost of housing. Average monthly asking rent prices climbed from less than $600 before the boom hit in 2007 to $1,110 last quarter, according to real estate research firm Reis, Inc. Soaring home values have also pushed would-be homeowners out of the market. Public employees are not immune from feeling the pinch, either. Finding affording housing is particularly problematic for school teachers, many of whom are new to the area. The Midland Independent School District, which employs about 1,600 teachers, created 135 new teaching positions this school year to accommodate higher enrollment. Ed Zachary, the district’s executive director for human resources, said new teachers just starting out can’t afford both costly rents and paying off their college loans, while some more experienced teachers struggle to hold onto their apartments as housing costs continue to rise. A local foundation has stepped up, contributing up to $500 per month in rental costs for qualifying teachers. About 133 teachers were participating as of last week. The district is also exploring the possibility of leasing prefabricated homes from a company to rent to employees at a reduced rate, Zachary said. Midland Memorial Hospital has even converted a number of unused rooms in its west campus into short-term affordable housing units for teachers and hospital staff. Out around the oil fields, many workers reside in “man camps.” Chain motels also popped up throughout outlying areas of the county, proving additional temporary housing.

One developer is pushing a project that would drastically alter Midland’s skyline. At more than 50 stories tall, the proposed Energy Tower at City Center extends more than twice the height of any other building in the city, housing luxury hotel rooms, condos and office space.

Another common complaint residents gripe about is the traffic, as many aren’t accustomed to sitting through two cycles of traffic lights. The city, in response, widened roadways and synchronized more traffic signals, Perry said.

The oil boom has also created a barrier to government employment: companies are poaching their workers. The school district’s Zachary said some teachers and administrators leave for more lucrative careers in the oil fields. Perry said the city has found it difficult compete with private companies for truck drivers and mechanics, so they’ve offered signing bonuses and additional training.

A similar story has played out in Odessa, a slightly smaller city about 20 miles down the interstate.

There, the city’s utilities department has only filled 14 of 43 budgeted positions as qualified workers pursue fatter paychecks in the energy sector.

“We just can’t retain and recruit employees to compete with private industry salary,” said Andrea Goodson, the city’s public information officer.

From 2009 to 2011 (the most recent data available), Midland’s personal income per capita jumped a staggering 25 percent – more than any other metro area, according to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. It increased 12 percent between 2010 and 2011, second only to Odessa.

Midland’s strategy to adapt to economic and population growth, Perry said, has centered on long-term investments in capital projects. Rather than resurfacing streets, for example, the city is completely rebuilding more of them.

At the same time, now might not be the best time to break ground on every project. Perry pointed out that demand for concrete in Midland has pushed up prices to among the nation’s highest, forcing the city to put some construction plans on hold.

Although the city enjoys healthy tax revenues for the time being, Perry wants to avoid borrowing money.

“We know this is a cycle,” he said. “If we just went full bore and got everything done, that could come back to bite us when things slow down.”

The region has experienced its share of oil booms and busts in the past. The biggest shock occurred in the mid-1980s, when several of the large energy companies moved away and left their equipment out to rust.

Today, more than 400 drill rigs dot the Permian Basin. 

Hoxie Smith, director of Midland College’s Petroleum Professional Development Center, estimates the region holds enough oil to continue production at the current pace for at least another 100 years.

“I see it staying pretty high for quite some time, unless an economic event occurs and the prices come down,” he said.

Production only recently plateaued locally, Smith said, primarily because of a limited supply of skilled workers and capital investment required for new drilling operations.

As a longtime resident and president of an oil and gas firm, Perry remembers the oil bust of the 1980s quite well. He knows his city’s current boom won’t last forever, either.

“We know it was there one day and can be gone again, so we better be careful,” he said.

Fastest-Growing Metro Areas

The following table shows the Census Bureau's metro area estimates for population change between July 2011 to July 2012, the most recent data available:

           
Geographic area % Growth Rank 1yr percent Raw change 2011 2012
Midland, TX 1 4.6 6,709 144,953 151,662
Clarksville, TN-KY 2 3.7 9,717 264,625 274,342
Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL 3 3.6 8,644 239,021 247,665
The Villages, FL 4 3.4 3,383 98,237 101,620
Odessa, TX 5 3.4 4,737 139,588 144,325
Jacksonville, NC 6 3.3 5,833 177,430 183,263
Austin-Round Rock, TX 7 3.0 53,595 1,780,708 1,834,303
Casper, WY 8 3.0 2,265 76,356 78,621
Columbus, GA-AL 9 2.9 8,666 301,865 310,531
Manhattan, KS 10 2.8 2,660 95,150 97,810
Auburn-Opelika, AL 11 2.6 3,677 143,580 147,257
Bismarck, ND 12 2.4 2,776 117,284 120,060
St. George, UT 13 2.3 3,298 141,511 144,809
Charleston-North Charleston, SC 14 2.3 15,755 681,684 697,439
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 15 2.2 48,670 2,175,004 2,223,674
Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC 16 2.2 8,632 385,910 394,542
Raleigh, NC 17 2.2 25,876 1,162,688 1,188,564
Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC 18 2.2 4,133 189,749 193,882
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL 19 2.2 13,691 631,602 645,293
Cheyenne, WY 20 2.2 1,996 92,487 94,483
Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL 21 2.1 3,960 186,830 190,790
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 22 2.1 125,185 6,051,850 6,177,035
Sioux Falls, SD 23 2.1 4,805 232,446 237,251
Greeley, CO 24 2.1 5,340 258,351 263,691
Victoria, TX 25 2.1 1,945 94,675 96,620
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 26 2.0 131,879 6,569,112 6,700,991
Killeen-Temple, TX 27 1.9 7,985 412,390 420,375
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX 28 1.9 42,333 2,191,670 2,234,003
Provo-Orem, UT 29 1.9 10,408 540,437 550,845
Punta Gorda, FL 30 1.9 2,990 159,459 162,449
Iowa City, IA 31 1.8 2,853 155,378 158,231
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 32 1.8 77,456 4,252,078 4,329,534
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 33 1.8 46,713 2,598,496 2,645,209
Watertown-Fort Drum, NY 34 1.8 2,099 118,163 120,262
Fort Collins, CO 35 1.8 5,396 305,091 310,487
Fargo, ND-MN 36 1.8 3,726 212,586 216,312
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 37 1.7 39,435 2,257,134 2,296,569
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO 38 1.7 8,267 473,933 482,200
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 39 1.7 8,926 513,900 522,826
Rapid City, SD 40 1.7 2,353 136,385 138,738
Kennewick-Richland, WA 41 1.7 4,540 263,703 268,243
Savannah, GA 42 1.7 6,097 355,844 361,941
Columbus, IN 43 1.7 1,312 77,817 79,129
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN 44 1.7 28,345 1,698,348 1,726,693
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV 45 1.7 32,833 1,967,926 2,000,759
Laredo, TX 46 1.7 4,224 254,948 259,172
Boulder, CO 47 1.6 4,912 300,406 305,318
Boise City, ID 48 1.6 10,260 627,636 637,896
Oklahoma City, OK 49 1.6 20,744 1,275,821 1,296,565
Columbia, MO 50 1.6 2,614 165,921 168,535
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 51 1.6 12,371 794,181 806,552
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 52 1.6 54,338 3,497,819 3,552,157
North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL 53 1.6 11,005 709,037 720,042
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 54 1.5 83,153 5,374,678 5,457,831
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 55 1.5 89,129 5,771,213 5,860,342
Wilmington, NC 56 1.5 3,998 259,431 263,429
Salt Lake City, UT 57 1.5 16,694 1,107,018 1,123,712
Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL 58 1.5 4,908 327,519 332,427
Morgantown, WV 59 1.5 1,963 132,201 134,164
Valdosta, GA 60 1.4 2,036 142,307 144,343
Corpus Christi, TX 61 1.4 6,148 430,961 437,109
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 62 1.4 8,283 580,716 588,999
Flagstaff, AZ 63 1.4 1,906 134,105 136,011
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 64 1.4 26,404 1,867,984 1,894,388
Dover, DE 65 1.4 2,307 165,319 167,626
Bend-Redmond, OR 66 1.4 2,194 160,083 162,277
Gainesville, GA 67 1.3 2,451 182,965 185,416
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 68 1.3 58,642 4,396,918 4,455,560
San Angelo, TX 69 1.3 1,506 113,348 114,854
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL 70 1.3 74,809 5,687,908 5,762,717
Harrisonburg, VA 71 1.3 1,666 126,706 128,372
College Station-Bryan, TX 72 1.3 3,039 231,462 234,501
Colorado Springs, CO 73 1.3 8,580 659,773 668,353
Huntsville, AL 74 1.3 5,522 425,212 430,734
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 75 1.3 28,872 2,260,928 2,289,800
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA 76 1.3 3,459 271,345 274,804
Lexington-Fayette, KY 77 1.3 6,088 478,935 485,023
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL 78 1.3 5,769 455,458 461,227
Billings, MT 79 1.2 1,996 160,852 162,848
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 80 1.2 38,880 3,138,183 3,177,063
Jacksonville, FL 81 1.2 16,852 1,360,998 1,377,850
Lincoln, NE 82 1.2 3,762 306,580 310,342
Salinas, CA 83 1.2 5,150 421,612 426,762
California-Lexington Park, MD 84 1.2 1,306 107,681 108,987
Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA 85 1.2 5,148 426,101 431,249
Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL 86 1.2 1,648 138,919 140,567
Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC 87 1.2 9,790 833,063 842,853
Tallahassee, FL 88 1.2 4,342 371,029 375,371
Hinesville, GA 89 1.2 942 80,577 81,519
Anchorage, AK 90 1.2 4,497 388,038 392,535
Panama City, FL 91 1.1 2,121 185,500 187,621
El Paso, TX 92 1.1 9,327 821,408 830,735
Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN 93 1.1 2,314 204,098 206,412
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 94 1.1 48,255 4,301,841 4,350,096
New Orleans-Metairie, LA 95 1.1 13,608 1,213,488 1,227,096
Madison, WI 96 1.1 6,835 613,943 620,778
Ogden-Clearfield, UT 97 1.1 6,655 605,786 612,441
Greenville, NC 98 1.1 1,839 170,715 172,554
Richmond, VA 99 1.1 12,958 1,219,022 1,231,980
Jonesboro, AR 100 1.0 1,284 122,758 124,042
Reno, NV 101 1.0 4,487 429,356 433,843
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL 102 1.0 6,335 609,823 616,158
Urban Honolulu, HI 103 1.0 10,009 966,363 976,372
Hattiesburg, MS 104 1.0 1,504 145,262 146,766
Columbia, SC 105 1.0 7,952 776,793 784,745
Stockton-Lodi, CA 106 1.0 6,986 695,626 702,612
Warner Robins, GA 107 1.0 1,834 183,644 185,478
Port St. Lucie, FL 108 1.0 4,274 428,409 432,683
Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI 109 1.0 1,560 156,756 158,316
Fairbanks, AK 110 1.0 986 99,286 100,272
Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN 111 1.0 18,929 1,910,053 1,928,982
Bowling Green, KY 112 1.0 1,581 160,650 162,231
Grand Island, NE 113 1.0 812 82,660 83,472
Salisbury, MD-DE 114 1.0 3,713 378,155 381,868
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 115 1.0 33,215 3,389,049 3,422,264
Columbus, OH 116 1.0 18,865 1,925,137 1,944,002
Springfield, MO 117 1.0 4,300 440,317 444,617
Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, MS 118 1.0 3,671 375,911 379,582
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 119 1.0 8,453 877,171 885,624
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR 120 0.9 6,716 710,950 717,666
Idaho Falls, ID 121 0.9 1,261 134,847 136,108
Athens-Clarke County, GA 122 0.9 1,809 194,616 196,425
Cleveland, TN 123 0.9 1,082 116,738 117,820
Tyler, TX 124 0.9 1,966 212,855 214,821
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI 125 0.9 9,194 996,454 1,005,648
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 126 0.9 20,030 2,176,452 2,196,482
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA 127 0.9 3,825 416,932 420,757
Visalia-Porterville, CA 128 0.9 4,059 447,918 451,977
Merced, CA 129 0.9 2,339 259,966 262,305
Coeur d'Alene, ID 130 0.9 1,254 141,103 142,357
Wenatchee, WA 131 0.9 989 112,048 113,037
Asheville, NC 132 0.9 3,749 428,657 432,406
Chattanooga, TN-GA 133 0.9 4,546 533,343 537,889
Grand Forks, ND-MN 134 0.8 827 98,061 98,888
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC 135 0.8 4,800 571,098 575,898
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 136 0.8 107,781 12,945,140 13,052,921
Bellingham, WA 137 0.8 1,692 203,570 205,262
Medford, OR 138 0.8 1,694 204,718 206,412
Lubbock, TX 139 0.8 2,414 295,255 297,669
Baton Rouge, LA 140 0.8 6,585 808,713 815,298
Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH 141 0.8 37,458 4,603,344 4,640,802
Ocala, FL 142 0.8 2,653 332,472 335,125
Charlottesville, VA 143 0.8 1,759 221,101 222,860
Lafayette, LA 144 0.8 3,733 470,682 474,415
Tuscaloosa, AL 145 0.8 1,829 231,560 233,389
Bakersfield, CA 146 0.8 6,701 849,457 856,158
Missoula, MT 147 0.8 863 110,114 110,977
Ithaca, NY 148 0.8 791 101,763 102,554
Napa, CA 149 0.8 1,068 137,977 139,045
Bloomington, IL 150 0.8 1,448 187,267 188,715
Winchester, VA-WV 151 0.8 1,002 129,905 130,907
Santa Rosa, CA 152 0.8 3,747 488,082 491,829
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 153 0.8 12,948 1,686,977 1,699,925
Greensboro-High Point, NC 154 0.8 5,534 730,531 736,065
Green Bay, WI 155 0.8 2,337 308,761 311,098
Hammond, LA 156 0.8 922 122,519 123,441
Olympia-Tumwater, WA 157 0.8 1,926 256,406 258,332
Logan, UT-ID 158 0.7 950 127,356 128,306
Fresno, CA 159 0.7 7,008 940,887 947,895
Burlington, NC 160 0.7 1,119 152,801 153,920
Modesto, CA 161 0.7 3,769 517,957 521,726
Santa Fe, NM 162 0.7 1,056 145,319 146,375
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX 163 0.7 2,980 412,577 415,557
Prescott, AZ 164 0.7 1,507 211,130 212,637
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD 165 0.7 19,471 2,733,678 2,753,149
Las Cruces, NM 166 0.7 1,501 212,944 214,445
Mankato-North Mankato, MN 167 0.7 685 97,335 98,020
Amarillo, TX 168 0.7 1,797 255,781 257,578
Dubuque, IA 169 0.7 661 94,436 95,097
Gainesville, FL 170 0.7 1,840 266,392 268,232
Tulsa, OK 171 0.7 6,494 945,386 951,880
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA 172 0.7 1,815 264,961 266,776
Kansas City, MO-KS 173 0.7 13,787 2,024,937 2,038,724
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT 174 0.7 6,268 927,567 933,835
Spartanburg, SC 175 0.7 2,111 314,886 316,997
Ann Arbor, MI 176 0.7 2,309 348,637 350,946
Sumter, SC 177 0.7 710 107,342 108,052
Dothan, AL 178 0.7 969 146,651 147,620
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV 179 0.7 1,677 254,601 256,278
La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN 180 0.7 883 134,415 135,298
Oshkosh-Neenah, WI 181 0.6 1,086 167,708 168,794
Lebanon, PA 182 0.6 862 134,389 135,251
Salem, OR 183 0.6 2,516 393,822 396,338
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL 184 0.6 3,759 591,550 595,309
Memphis, TN-MS-AR 185 0.6 8,300 1,333,390 1,341,690
Chico, CA 186 0.6 1,351 220,188 221,539
Knoxville, TN 187 0.6 5,161 843,189 848,350
El Centro, CA 188 0.6 1,051 175,897 176,948
Eau Claire, WI 189 0.6 966 162,633 163,599
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA 190 0.6 4,855 831,126 835,981
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 191 0.6 16,440 2,826,438 2,842,878
Lancaster, PA 192 0.6 2,961 523,862 526,823
Rochester, MN 193 0.6 1,161 208,446 209,607
Lawrence, KS 194 0.6 620 112,244 112,864
Owensboro, KY 195 0.6 636 115,394 116,030
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL 196 0.5 2,985 544,322 547,307
Jackson, MS 197 0.5 3,107 573,693 576,800
Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN 198 0.5 6,559 1,244,792 1,251,351
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA 199 0.5 2,313 444,880 447,193
Sherman-Denison, TX 200 0.5 629 121,306 121,935
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 201 0.5 101,928 19,729,930 19,831,858
Lynchburg, VA 202 0.5 1,311 254,031 255,342
Winston-Salem, NC 203 0.5 3,304 644,393 647,697
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI 204 0.5 1,681 328,353 330,034
Appleton, WI 205 0.5 1,132 227,318 228,450
Corvallis, OR 206 0.5 424 86,006 86,430
Johnson City, TN 207 0.5 983 199,701 200,684
Wichita Falls, TX 208 0.5 737 150,092 150,829
Bloomington, IN 209 0.5 789 161,610 162,399
Tucson, AZ 210 0.5 4,821 987,573 992,394
Albuquerque, NM 211 0.5 4,380 897,320 901,700
Fayetteville, NC 212 0.5 1,797 372,788 374,585
Jackson, TN 213 0.5 620 129,830 130,450
Lawton, OK 214 0.5 618 131,927 132,545
Elkhart-Goshen, IN 215 0.5 919 198,700 199,619
Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA 216 0.4 2,346 529,907 532,253
Fort Wayne, IN 217 0.4 1,838 419,568 421,406
Wichita, KS 218 0.4 2,761 633,344 636,105
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 219 0.4 2,369 551,611 553,980
Williamsport, PA 220 0.4 490 116,678 117,168
Longview, TX 221 0.4 881 215,798 216,679
Portland-South Portland, ME 222 0.4 2,036 516,081 518,117
Burlington-South Burlington, VT 223 0.4 826 212,875 213,701
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 224 0.4 4,247 1,132,403 1,136,650
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL 225 0.4 1,404 381,226 382,630
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ 226 0.4 742 202,592 203,334
Farmington, NM 227 0.4 466 128,063 128,529
Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ 228 0.4 570 157,215 157,785
Roanoke, VA 229 0.4 1,119 308,999 310,118
Ames, IA 230 0.4 324 90,816 91,140
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 231 0.4 5,553 1,561,428 1,566,981
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 232 0.4 21,326 5,997,474 6,018,800
Yakima, WA 233 0.3 820 246,157 246,977
Cedar Rapids, IA 234 0.3 868 260,893 261,761
Pocatello, ID 235 0.3 276 83,524 83,800
Goldsboro, NC 236 0.3 407 123,839 124,246
Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA 237 0.3 386 117,836 118,222
Pueblo, CO 238 0.3 506 160,346 160,852
Champaign-Urbana, IL 239 0.3 733 233,055 233,788
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA 240 0.3 528 168,219 168,747
Jackson, MI 241 0.3 499 159,810 160,309
Redding, CA 242 0.3 555 178,031 178,586
Grants Pass, OR 243 0.3 250 82,680 82,930
Lake Charles, LA 244 0.3 606 200,589 201,195
Eugene, OR 245 0.3 1,061 353,481 354,542
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN 246 0.3 6,273 2,122,330 2,128,603
Abilene, TX 247 0.3 482 166,481 166,963
Brunswick, GA 248 0.3 326 113,122 113,448
State College, PA 249 0.3 441 154,730 155,171
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 250 0.3 26,715 9,495,719 9,522,434
Hot Springs, AR 251 0.3 266 96,637 96,903
Morristown, TN 252 0.3 314 114,623 114,937
Trenton, NJ 253 0.3 997 367,306 368,303
Manchester-Nashua, NH 254 0.3 1,080 401,842 402,922
Yuba City, CA 255 0.3 450 167,498 167,948
Waco, TX 256 0.3 661 255,656 256,317
Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA 257 0.3 384 150,891 151,275
Grand Junction, CO 258 0.2 367 147,481 147,848
Evansville, IN-KY 259 0.2 728 312,705 313,433
St. Cloud, MN 260 0.2 435 190,036 190,471
Reading, PA 261 0.2 944 412,547 413,491
Monroe, LA 262 0.2 403 177,379 177,782
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ 263 0.2 1,859 825,312 827,171
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ 264 0.2 612 274,810 275,422
Janesville-Beloit, WI 265 0.2 351 160,067 160,418
St. Joseph, MO-KS 266 0.2 278 127,649 127,927
Peoria, IL 267 0.2 754 379,693 380,447
Worcester, MA-CT 268 0.2 1,772 921,990 923,762
Mobile, AL 269 0.2 791 413,145 413,936
Albany, OR 270 0.2 225 118,135 118,360
York-Hanover, PA 271 0.2 806 437,040 437,846
Florence, SC 272 0.2 376 205,711 206,087
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA 273 0.2 462 254,529 254,991
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 274 0.2 1,570 873,076 874,646
Dalton, GA 275 0.2 244 142,507 142,751
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 276 0.2 305 178,628 178,933
Lewiston-Auburn, ME 277 0.2 182 107,427 107,609
Springfield, IL 278 0.2 324 211,669 211,993
Lewiston, ID-WA 279 0.2 92 61,327 61,419
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 280 0.1 427 308,579 309,006
Wausau, WI 281 0.1 183 134,552 134,735
Elmira, NY 282 0.1 113 88,798 88,911
Houma-Thibodaux, LA 283 0.1 265 208,657 208,922
Cape Girardeau, MO-IL 284 0.1 100 96,980 97,080
Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA 285 0.1 82 85,161 85,243
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI 286 0.1 4,094 4,287,966 4,292,060
Muskegon, MI 287 0.1 161 170,021 170,182
Gadsden, AL 288 0.1 94 104,298 104,392
Madera, CA 289 0.1 133 152,085 152,218
St. Louis, MO-IL 290 0.1 2,419 2,793,375 2,795,794
Decatur, AL 291 0.1 118 154,115 154,233
Canton-Massillon, OH 292 0.1 291 403,164 403,455
Providence-Warwick, RI-MA 293 0.1 1,116 1,600,258 1,601,374
Texarkana, TX-AR 294 0.1 91 149,610 149,701
Springfield, MA 295 0.1 372 625,346 625,718
Alexandria, LA 296 0.0 62 154,379 154,441
Kokomo, IN 297 0.0 32 82,817 82,849
New Bern, NC 298 0.0 44 128,075 128,119
Norwich-New London, CT 299 0.0 79 274,091 274,170
Pittsburgh, PA 300 0.0 619 2,360,114 2,360,733
Lansing-East Lansing, MI 301 0.0 118 465,614 465,732
Rome, GA 302 0.0 21 96,156 96,177
Rochester, NY 303 0.0 164 1,082,120 1,082,284
New Haven-Milford, CT 304 0.0 1 862,812 862,813
Dayton, OH 305 0.0 -68 801,040 800,972
Charleston, WV 306 0.0 -23 225,977 225,954
Sioux City, IA-NE-SD 307 0.0 -18 168,939 168,921
Fond du Lac, WI 308 0.0 -13 101,856 101,843
Michigan City-La Porte, IN 309 0.0 -17 111,263 111,246
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH 310 0.0 -77 364,742 364,665
Carson City, NV 311 0.0 -13 54,851 54,838
Terre Haute, IN 312 0.0 -83 172,576 172,493
Macon, GA 313 -0.1 -126 232,849 232,723
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA 314 -0.1 -310 563,939 563,629
Great Falls, MT 315 -0.1 -46 81,769 81,723
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT 316 -0.1 -719 1,215,119 1,214,400
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL 317 -0.1 -94 147,082 146,988
Topeka, KS 318 -0.1 -154 234,720 234,566
Gettysburg, PA 319 -0.1 -67 101,549 101,482
Akron, OH 320 -0.1 -592 702,854 702,262
Jefferson City, MO 321 -0.1 -130 150,281 150,151
Altoona, PA 322 -0.1 -113 127,234 127,121
Toledo, OH 323 -0.1 -609 609,320 608,711
Parkersburg-Vienna, WV 324 -0.1 -95 92,643 92,548
Barnstable Town, MA 325 -0.1 -239 215,662 215,423
Racine, WI 326 -0.1 -217 195,014 194,797
Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY 327 -0.1 -1,284 1,135,494 1,134,210
Bangor, ME 328 -0.1 -184 153,930 153,746
Erie, PA 329 -0.1 -342 280,988 280,646
Fort Smith, AR-OK 330 -0.1 -345 280,866 280,521
Duluth, MN-WI 331 -0.1 -386 279,838 279,452
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC 332 -0.1 -543 364,170 363,627
Carbondale-Marion, IL 333 -0.2 -199 126,944 126,745
Walla Walla, WA 334 -0.2 -101 63,500 63,399
Sebring, FL 335 -0.2 -164 98,292 98,128
Albany, GA 336 -0.2 -269 157,668 157,399
Yuma, AZ 337 -0.2 -352 200,374 200,022
Beckley, WV 338 -0.2 -225 125,115 124,890
Staunton-Waynesboro, VA 339 -0.2 -235 118,921 118,686
Glens Falls, NY 340 -0.2 -261 128,733 128,472
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI 341 -0.2 -649 319,235 318,586
Sheboygan, WI 342 -0.2 -238 115,247 115,009
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX 343 -0.2 -851 405,031 404,180
Rocky Mount, NC 344 -0.2 -332 151,994 151,662
Syracuse, NY 345 -0.2 -1,497 662,431 660,934
Midland, MI 346 -0.2 -193 84,015 83,822
Cleveland-Elyria, OH 347 -0.2 -4,862 2,068,397 2,063,535
Utica-Rome, NY 348 -0.2 -703 298,767 298,064
Ocean City, NJ 349 -0.3 -258 96,562 96,304
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI 350 -0.3 -422 156,489 156,067
Bay City, MI 351 -0.3 -338 107,273 106,935
Battle Creek, MI 352 -0.3 -430 135,529 135,099
Saginaw, MI 353 -0.3 -637 198,990 198,353
Pittsfield, MA 354 -0.3 -431 130,447 130,016
Homosassa Springs, FL 355 -0.3 -489 139,849 139,360
Muncie, IN 356 -0.4 -420 117,784 117,364
Mansfield, OH 357 -0.4 -452 123,125 122,673
Monroe, MI 358 -0.4 -561 151,609 151,048
Montgomery, AL 359 -0.4 -1,413 378,562 377,149
Hanford-Corcoran, CA 360 -0.4 -577 151,941 151,364
Springfield, OH 361 -0.4 -562 137,768 137,206
Longview, WA 362 -0.4 -435 102,431 101,996
Kingston, NY 363 -0.4 -791 182,582 181,791
Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville, AL 364 -0.4 -519 117,815 117,296
Kankakee, IL 365 -0.4 -501 113,541 113,040
Decatur, IL 366 -0.4 -494 110,616 110,122
Wheeling, WV-OH 367 -0.5 -723 147,143 146,420
Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY 368 -0.5 -773 151,186 150,413
Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ 369 -0.5 -682 132,770 132,088
Rockford, IL 370 -0.5 -1,904 347,913 346,009
Lima, OH 371 -0.6 -599 105,740 105,141
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 372 -0.6 -3,491 561,697 558,206
Cumberland, MD-WV 373 -0.6 -644 102,612 101,968
Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH 374 -0.6 -775 123,322 122,547
East Stroudsburg, PA 375 -0.7 -1,188 169,986 168,798
Binghamton, NY 376 -0.7 -1,755 250,293 248,538
Johnstown, PA 377 -0.7 -1,040 142,624 141,584
Danville, IL 378 -0.8 -640 81,367 80,727
Flint, MI 379 -0.9 -3,645 422,053 418,408
Joplin, MO 380 -1.3 -2,336 176,663 174,327
Pine Bluff, AR 381 -1.5 -1,522 98,973 97,451


Economic Data

View year-over-year job growth for metro areas

The following metro areas experienced the largest increase in personal income per capita from 2010 and 2011, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis:

Odessa, TX: 12.4% Midland, TX: 11.9% Hanford-Corcoran, CA: 9.3% Clarksville, TN-KY: 8.9% Elizabethtown, KY: 8.8% Peoria, IL: 8.5% Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA: 8.1% San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA: 7.6% Williamsport, PA: 7.5% Farmington, NM: 7.4%